Why levels of bad cholesterol increase up to harmful health figures? Discover what are the main causes.
Did you know that high cholesterol has no clear symptoms until it is too late? When fatty plaque due to high levels of LDL, gradually builds up in our arteries and veins, it causes blockages to the point that the correct blood circulation is restricted to our hearts and to the rest of the body. As a result of the lack of blood supply to the brain, a stroke can occur while the lack of blood supply to part of the heart can result in the occurrence of angina pectoris as well as over the years in coronary heart disease, which can lead to a heart attack.
Since high cholesterol does not tend to produce symptoms until some cardiovascular diseases or stroke occurs, there is no doubt that it is most appropriate to get regularly a blood test, since it is the only way for us to know if our blood lipids levels (not just cholesterol, but also triglycerides) are adequate, or are above the recommended and considered healthy levels according to cholesterolmenu.com.
We must remember that high cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia is diagnosed when levels of total cholesterol exceed 200 mg./dl, or also when levels of LDL are above 130 mg./dl or those of HDL are less than 35 mg./dl. in men and 40 mg./dl. in women.
What are the causes of high cholesterol?
One of the main causes of high cholesterol is an abusive consumption of foods high in saturated fats and trans fats, such as: whole milk (milk, cheese and yogurt), butter, sausages, animal fat, red meat, salty snacks, hamburgers, bakery, hydrogenated oil, cookies, crackers, doughnuts...
Another cause is high levels of stress, as shown by the latest scientific studies. And it is that having stress or anxiety usually in most cases is linked to the consumption of junk food, coupled with abuse of alcohol and smoking.
There are other causes that can influence directly and indirectly to have high levels of cholesterol. We distinguish: age, overweight, not exercising regularly, as well as kidney or thyroid problems.
Nor can we forget the known as genetic cholesterol, a condition known medically with the name of familial hypercholesterolemia, which means that the person has inherited one normal gene and one defective resulting in a heterozygous hypercholesterolemia that causes cholesterol levels to rise twice the normal. A more severe form, which occurs when two defective genes are inherited. In these cases cholesterol increases between 4 to 5 times above normal.