Heart1.com: Great Information, Real Community, Better Living.
 Main Page
 Heart News
Feature Story
 Education Center
 Heart Attack Center
Dr. Tod Engelhardt  Heart

Dr. Tod Engelhardt:
Combating Major Blood Clots.
About Heroes
 Join the Discussion  in  Our Forums
Heart1 Forums
Patient Stories
Online Resources
Video Library
Search the Body1 Network
May 23, 2019  
HEART NEWS: Feature Story

  • Print this Article
  • Email this Article
  • Links/Reprints
  • Study: Liposuction Won't Improve Health

    Study: Liposuction Won't Improve Health

    June 17, 2004

    BOSTON (AP) - Liposuctioning your waistline can make you look just fabulous, but it won't necessarily make you healthier. In a study, obese women who dropped up to 23 pounds of belly fat by way of liposuction did not appear to lower their risk of diabetes or heart disease, both of which are fat-related.

    It is a frustrating and surprising finding to researchers who believed that surgically removing fat would help restore a healthier body chemistry.

    "It's not how much fat you remove, but how you remove the fat that is really what is more important," said lead study author Dr. Samuel Klein, at Washington University in St. Louis. "We have to go back to the same old traditional recommendation of lose weight and be more physically active."

    Liposuction is the nation's most popular form of cosmetic surgery. About 400,000 fat-sucking liposuction procedures are done every year in this country.

    The latest study, published in Thursday's New England Journal of Medicine, involved 15 obese women who underwent cosmetic liposuction.

    The women's blood chemistry and pressure - which reflect the risk of diabetes and heart disease - were checked before surgery and about three months after. While the women were slimmer afterward, their medical profiles were almost identical.

    Body fat has been increasingly tied to diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases in recent years. It turns out that fat doesn't just make the heart pump harder; fat cells churn out a brew of metabolic products that can harm health.

    The notion that surgically removing fat should help restore a healthier chemistry to the body still cannot be completely discarded. For one thing, this study involved a small number of people - and all of them women.

    Also, Barbara Corkey, a Boston Medical Center biochemist who is president of the North American Association for the Study of Obesity, said the liposuction may have left too much body fat behind or siphoned away the wrong kind of fat.

    The surgery removed only belly fat, leaving untouched a deeper layer of what is known as visceral fat. The deeper fat may prove to be more dangerous. It feeds metabolic products more directly into the pancreas, which manufactures the hormone insulin. It is insulin production or metabolism that goes haywire in diabetics.

    Visceral fat is harder, but not impossible, to trim by surgery.

    Ultimately, doctors may find that fat cells need to shrink in size, and not just number, to restore a healthier chemical balance. Dieting does make fat cells smaller.

    It may also be that the body needs to run an energy deficit - through dieting and exercise - to switch on healthier fat chemistry.

    The liposuction research suggests that "even if one could suddenly remove the fat tissue per se, you really haven't changed the underlying process," said Dr. David Kelley, who runs the Obesity and Nutrition Research Center at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.


    On the Net:

    New England Journal of Medicine: http://nejm.org

    North American Association for the Study of Obesity: http://www.naaso.org

    Last updated: 17-Jun-04


  • Add Comment
    Interact on Heart1

    Discuss this topic with others.
    Feature Archives

    Heart Disease Patients Need to Exercise to Benefit from the Protective Effects of Wine

    Effective Treatment for Heart Failure Possible Following Discovery of Heart Molecule

    Significant Decrease in Heart Disease after Prison Smoking Bans

    Heart Failure Patients Who Sleep Poorly Are at Double the Risk for Hospitalization

    Long-Term Survival Possible for Pediatric Heart Transplant Patients

    Next 5 Features ...

    More Features ...
    Related Multimedia

    Dr. Schneller Question: What drew you to rheumatology?

    Explaining Arthroscopy - Interview with Dr. James Lubowitz

    Helping Surgeons Become Better - Interview with Dr. Pavlovich

    More Features ...
    Related Content
    Study: 1 in 3 Adults Has Hypertension

    The Importance Of Fat Location And How Belly Fat Differs From Thigh Fat

    Go Red for the American Heart Association’s Fight Against Heart Disease

    Good News about Good Fat

    Obesity Doubles Kids’ Risk for Diabetes

    More Features ...
    Home About Us Press Jobs Advertise With Us Contact Us
    © 2019 Body1 All rights reserved.
    Disclaimer: The information provided within this website is for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for consultation with your physician or healthcare provider. The opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Owners and Sponsors of this site. By using this site you agree to indemnify, and hold the Owners and Sponsors harmless, from any disputes arising from content posted here-in.